Starting with a blank slate

– bloated planners

– too much content/ too many ‘activities’

– forced fit

– little reflection

– little authenticity

These are all phrases that I’ve been hearing in the past couple of months from our teachers. Too much content means that we cannot allow for any opportunities to get to any depth in one idea or understanding, because we’re too busy with, “I don’t have time. I need to move on to the next activity in the planner, or else we’ll get behind and have to make our unit longer” Why?? This is what I call the TSN turning point at our school. Our teachers have been immersed in the PYP long enough now, that they are beginning to see that changes to their practice need to be made. Not based on the fact that what they are currently doing is ‘wrong’, but that they can see that they are ready to improve. When we first started on this journey, there was so much information, and so many elements for our staff to consider in terms of PYP. This, of course, is natural. Anything that’s worth doing well, takes time to develop and refine. We are now entering the refinement stage.

Our curriculum naturally sets us up to think of topics (Think of science – wheels, pulleys and levers, rocks and minerals, crawling and flying animals, electricity) – so what? What are the broader concepts that encompass those topics? I hear it all the time, “there’s no time!!”, “How do we get through all this stuff??” Simple solution…look…and I mean REALLY look at what we’re doing in our units – are the activities we’re trying to get through REALLY getting at the CONCEPTS? The essence of the unit? This might mean that we have to let go of some of those fun activities that we’ve become married to – those ones that take up some of our valuable time, but don’t really get at the root of the conceptual focus.

Last Friday, we had a school-based PL day where we focused on developing our understanding of concept based learning and teaching. In preparation for that day, I read a couple of blogs that I wanted to share with our staff to get their wheels turning. I also participated in the week’s #pypchat where we discussed aspects of the PYP that we like and aspects that we would change, if we could. It was an eye opening, and refreshing chat – knowing that there are other PYP educators out there that I could relate to in terms of the elements that I know are meaningful and critical to student-centred learning, as well as the elements that I’m a little bit on the fence with. Knowing that you’re not alone, on a larger scale, beyond your school walls is a powerful thing!

One of the blogs that I read, was Edna Sackson’s post on Letting Learning Happen. I’ve been hearing from staff that the planners are becoming too confusing, because there’s content in them from previous years that has never been removed, even if they don’t do it anymore. They continue to grow in length, but it’s beginning to feel like they’ve lost the authenticity in their learning engagements. They’re not letting the learning happen, because there’s too much stuff to get through in the planner. This was music to my ears! Here’s the opportunity to begin with a blank slate! I proposed (cautiously) that for coming planners, they start completely with a blank planner. I need to re-iterate here, that because we are essentially a brand new PYP school, our staff for the first couple of years felt that they needed to have a copy of the previous years’ planners to work with when developing this years work. They didn’t want to lose sight of some of the elements that they hadn’t quite gotten a grasp on. However, they began to rely on previous years’ activities to drive this years inquiry. Which, wasn’t allowing for authentic, student-driven inquiry to happen. The fact that staff were now coming to this realization on their own made me feel like such a proud momma-bird! I knew we’d get here.

The idea of starting fresh was met with a resounding enthusiasm. Yes, it will require work to re-think some of the engagements we provide to our students, and placing more emphasis on directly addressing the concepts with our students. But teachers are recognizing that it is necessary. So then, I threw out another suggestion that I believe lifted a lot of weight off of the teachers’ shoulders. It came from a few different conversations I’ve had over the past few months, but mostly from @ChezVivian’s blog about Ditching the Central Idea. I have a huge respect for Lynn Erikson’s work around concept based learning, and I’m so envious that Vivian was able to participate in a workshop with her. I’m so thankful that she shared her thoughts and revelations from that workshop in her blog. Again, it allowed me to feel that I wasn’t alone in my thinking in terms of some of the elements of PYP. If you haven’t read Vivian’s post, I’d advise you to stop reading mine for a moment, and read what she has to share.

Back to the suggestion I threw out to my colleagues – Don’t fill in the entire planner before the unit even starts. How does that allow for authentic, student driven learning to happen? When you have every stone of the path paved and set, that seems pretty counter-intuitive to the whole idea of letting the learning happen. Yes, it’s important to know the concepts and generalizations that we desire our students to get to, but how we get there shouldn’t be pre-planned every step of the way, before it has even occurred by the teacher. There is no possible way that we can take into account what our students will glean from every lesson that we plan. So why plan everything right from the start? If we thoughtfully and purposefully plan out a few rich, engaging, authentic learning experiences that are concept-based, we can let the learning happen from there. And allow the planner to be where we document that learning journey, rather than be the prescription for it.

The other question I posed to staff was, “What if we didn’t share the central idea with our students on day 1 of the unit?” What if we kept it within the confines of the planner – so we know as educators what the big idea of the unit is, but allow students to generate the understanding naturally, through the rich learning engagements that we plan, and the discussions that we have along the way. Wouldn’t that be a powerful summative assessment at the end of a unit, to allow the students to generate their own central idea, for us to see how deep their understanding become through the learning experiences? And what a powerful tool for reflection on our part, as educators. If they weren’t able to generate a central idea that was similar or related to the teacher planned one, why was that? Was it that we didn’t address the concepts clearly enough? What can we do in the next unit to try to improve?

These conversations opened the flood-gates for possibilities for our grade teams to start being more creative in their delivery of their units. There was excitement buzzing around the room. Teachers are beginning to feel more comfortable and confident in allowing their students to drive the learning. They were really tuned in to generating related concepts for the different subject areas, and then using the Key Concepts to generate questions that stimulate more higher order thinking in our classrooms. Those higher order thinking opportunities will drive our inquiries and ensure that students develop a deeper understanding within the Units of Inquiry, as well as allow them to drive where the learning goes beyond what we have planned.

So now we enter a new chapter on our PYP journey. Relflection, refinement and moving forward. It is so refreshing to be involved in this process every step of the way for our teachers.


The very first Exhibition

This month marks the beginning of the very first go at the PYP Exhibition at Prairie Waters. Before we even had our authorization visit in October, and finding out that we had been authorized in November, we decided at the beginning of the year that we would make our first attempt at the Exhibition this year.

I’ve been spending many evenings and weekends trying to learn as much as I can from others about how they go through the Exhibition process with their students, and figuring out how best to integrate some of those ideas into our first Exhibition to make it as successful for everyone as possible. I can’t go any further without expressing my appreciation for the connections and support that I’ve gotten from my PLN all around the world, related to all things #pypx. From the Google Plus PYP Exhibition group, to the many experienced and knowledgeable PYP educators on Twitter (#pypchat is a lifesaver!), to the other PYP schools that are geographically close to us, to those that blog about the Exhibition process at their schools, with their kids – I have gained so much knowledge and inspiration from all of them, that I can’t imagine being on this journey without giving them the huge THANK YOU that they deserve!

Because this is our first foray into Exhibition, our grade 5 teachers felt that for this year, they needed to choose the Transdisciplinary Theme (How We Express Ourselves) as well as the Central Idea (Passions and beliefs inspire people to action). We intend to start ‘planting the seed’ with our grade 4’s this year, so that we can branch out and have the students create the central idea next year. The unit itself begins on March 31, but starting tomorrow, we begin tuning in to the idea of Exhibition with our grade 5’s. So here’s the plan for the lead up:

  • Share the PYP Exhibition guidelines with the students (written in this Prezi in student-friendly language) – pre-empting this discussion to focus students in on the key concepts of Form (what is Exhibition?), Function (how does the Exhibition work?),  Connection (how does the Exhibition connect to other things you have done?) and Causation (why is the Exhibition the way it is?)
  • Introduce the Central Idea and our Prairie Waters’ PYP Exhibition blog (on this blog, there are links to different resources for our students to access to explore issues or topics that may be of interest to them, as well as to assist them with research once they begin delving deeper into their inquiries later on)
  • Work through the Compass Points Visible Thinking Routine with each grade 5 class to get a pulse check on their beginning understandings, hesitations and ideas about Exhibition.

Once we’ve kickstarted their thinking about Exhibition, we’ll have them brainstorm some ideas to some prompting questions (Thank you Kristen Blum (@namastececi) for the idea to do this! Your blog is such a fantastic resource!)

  1. How do people express or share their ideas?
  2. How do we discover new ideas?
  3. What kinds of ideas are we most likely to express?
  4. Why do people find it important to express their ideas or passions?

Throughout the next few weeks, we’ll have students (and teachers, and myself!) bringing in ideas, issues, passions, topics, etc. to share with the class as we generate a gallery for all of them to contribute to. This will assist students as they try to sort out which topic, or issue they would like to take up for their Exhibition inquiry.

Our next step will be to explore good questioning. By focusing on questioning conceptually, we will assist the students in generating deeper, more thoughtful, open-ended questions. Using the Visible Thinking Routine of Question Starts, we’ll get students practicing creating questions about a shared topic. Once questions are generated, we can then sort them using the Visible Thinking Routine of Question Sorts, where students can explore both the genuineness and the generativeness of their questions. Sonya terBorg also shared a great document that provides students with each of the Key Concepts, their definitions and then some samples of those types of conceptual questions from each of the different subject areas. We will practice generating questions, and then sorting them into the concepts which they fit within.

All of this work will lead up to Week 1 of our Exhibition Unit, where students will have chosen their passion or issue to explore, and then begin developing their questions to guide their inquiry.

The excitement begins! Wish us luck!